Costs and Benefits to Business of Adopting Work Life Balance Working Practices: A Literature Review
Funded by: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS)
Background, summary and aims
There has been rising interest in recent years in the effects of and demand for work life balance (WLB) policies and practices, particularly given demographic trends and workforce developments. The costs and benefits of these policies to employees at different life stages, those searching for work, families and dependents have been widely set out. There is less research and evidence relating to the costs and benefits to employers however.
The specific aims of the study are to:
- identify and carefully detail the costs and benefits to employers associated with implementing WLB/flexible or ‘family friendly’ policies and practices
- identify evidence relating to the impact of previous ‘right to request’ regulations
- identify gaps in evidence and future research needs
- advance the evidence base at a time when further WLB regulations are under consideration, with a consultation and regulatory impact assessment underway on plans to introduce a new system of flexible parental leave and an extension of the right to request flexible work to all employees.
In order to meet the aims set out above, a literature review is being conducted. A full systematic review is not possible within the timeframe of the project, but the strategy and procedure adopted for this review and appraisal of the evidence is informed by the principles of systematic review methodologies.