Eco-efficiency of consumption and production patterns in Asia and the Pacific

Funded by: UNESCAP


January 2006 to May 2006

PSI researchers:

Background, summary and aims

Background and Aims

Rapid economic and population growth in Asia and the Pacific is placing increasing pressure on the sustainability of the environment. Environmentally sustainable economic growth, or green growth, has therefore been adopted by UNESCAP as an instrument to achieve the Millennium Development Goals for poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. In order to achieve green growth, the region will have to promote eco-efficiency of its production and consumption patterns. The objective of this project is to further the studies in the areas of sustainable consumption and production, and to assist in the development of eco-efficiency indicators for Asia and the Pacific.

Project Design

This study will result in three outputs. The first will be a research paper focusing on the concepts of eco-efficiency and resource productivity. It will consist of: a review of the field of environmental indicators; indicators of eco-efficiency in selected countries; and a review of the methods used to aggregate various indicators of eco-efficiency. The second part will focus on the role of public policy in providing appropriate sustainable consumption choices to the consumer. The final output is a presentation of the outcomes at the Second Regional Policy Dialogue to be held in Beijing in May 2006.

Importance of Research

This project will contribute to studies related to green growth and sustainable consumption and production in Asia and the Pacific, and area experiencing the fastest rates of economic growth in the world, and increasing environmental impacts. It will also be used in the development of a methodological framework for eco-efficiency indicators suitable for Asia-Pacific. In addition, this research is important as it is related to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reduce poverty and increase environmental sustainability.