Transport Realities and Planning Policy
From the introduction:
The increasing number of motor vehicles in all parts of the country has been one of the most visible and easily measurable signs of prosperity in Britain since the Second World War. During this period, transport policy has been largely focused on accommodating the resultant growth in traffic by increasing the capacity of the road network through new construction and through management measures. At the same time, it has been accepted that some of the traffic problems stemming from this growth can only be ameliorated by limiting the use of vehicles in rush hours.
It has been thought that this can best be brought about by striking a balance between private and public motorised transport through a judicious allocation of the resources of road space and finance. Such a focus concentrates mainly on the mechanics of the transport system, and while accepting the practical and financial necessity of this - particularly from the ‘supplier’s’ point of view - our report is focused instead on that component of policy which is concerned with providing all members of the community with the means of meeting their daily travel needs.
This could be viewed as the ‘consumer’s’ approach, and requires for its understanding three lines of inquiry: it is necessary first to measure the travel potential and needs of different groups in the population, secondly, to establish their daily travel patterns and thirdly, to examine the relationships between those patterns and land use and location planning.
Hillman, M., Henderson, I., Whalley, A. (1976) Transport Realities and Planning Policy, Policy Studies Institute, LondonISBN: 978 0 85374 849 6 (pdf)